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Madhya Pradesh is often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal. Madhya Pradesh was originally the largest state in India until November 1, 2000 when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out. It borders the states Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan.
 
 
    Wildlife
Natural Heritage

Madhya Pradesh in fact has a varied topography that includes almost one third of the land as forested area. Of the two biogeographic zones, the semi arid zone, has two subdivisions of Malwa plateau and the fragmented wetlands. Madhav National Park and about 9 of the total 25 wildlife sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh are located in this zone. The second zone, the deccan peninsula includes both the Vindhya and the satpura hill ranges. Popular tiger reserves like Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Pench, Satpura, Panna, the three national park and a score of wildlife sanctuaries are located in this zone. Madhya Pradesh has an effective protected area network of about 10860 sq km and boasts of a national park and 25 sanctuaries.

 

Kanha Tiger Reserve

Kanha Tiger Reserve

Kanha Kisli National Park, the valleys with rich alluvium carry a mixed interspersion of stately, near pure, stands of sal and extensive meadows. It is this characteristic parkland appearance of the valleys that typifies the Kanha landscape. The large grassy clearings are a con¬sequence of old, abandoned cultivation, although many have recently come up as a result of a massive village relocation operation under Project Tiger. This important operation was undertaken with great success in order to meet the twin objective of preventing wild animal damage to the crops and cattle of the interior settlements in the park and to release wildlife habitat from human occupation and disturbance in this prime conservation area. Significantly, the operation was smooth and with full involvement of the affected people who were provided adequate and viable alternatives in the form of agricultural land and new organized housing at sites of their choice outside the park. This has been hailed as a major management success of the Kanha National Park in conservation circles, the world over.

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve

Bandhavgarh National Park is located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh (Central India). This Indian state is divided into several districts and Umaria lies in the eastern part of Madhya Pradesh. However, it is not relatively easy to reach as Bandhavgarh do not have airport facility; Jabalpur city which is the nearest city to Bandhavgarh has good air connectivity with some of the prominent city of India. The fastest way to reach Bandhavgarh from Delhi is - you have to take AIR India from New Delhi to Jabalpur and then taxi from Jabalpur to Umaria.

Sprawl over an area of 450 Square Kilometers, the Bandhavgarh National Park is known for its breathtaking array of flora and fauna. Its geographical positioning has gifted a repository of over 250 species of birds and 22 different species of mammals. Though, the park is considered as the real home of white tigers but the park provides shelter to several Indian wildlife species like Bison, Cheetals, Langgors and Sambars. Welcome to the beautiful woods of Bandhavgarh.

Pench Tiger Reserve

Pench Tiger Reserve

The Pench Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) is a 292.85 km2 (113.07 sq mi) Project Tiger tiger reserve located in the Seoni District and Chhindwara District of southern Madhya Pradesh in central India. It is contiguous on the south with the 257.23 km2 (99.32 sq mi) Pench Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh), both of which are included in the Level 1, 13,223 km2 (5,105 sq mi) Tiger Conservation Unit – 31 (Kanha-Pench TCU). an ideal time to explore the wildlife of the park.

Satpura Tiger Reserve

Satpura Tiger Reserve

Satpura National Park is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its name is derived from the Satpura range. It covers an area of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park,along with the adjoining Bori and Panchmarhi wildlife sanctuaries, provides 1,427 km2 (551 sq mi) of unique central Indian highland ecosystem. It was set up in 1981.

The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, ravines and denseforests. The altitude ranges from 300 to 1,352 metres (984 to 4,436 ft). It has Dhoopgarh peak as high as 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) and the almost level plains of Churna. The nearest town to the national park is Pachmarhi and the nearest railhead is Piparia 55 kilometres (34 mi) away. The state capital Bhopal is 210 kilometres (130 mi) away. Satpura National Park is very rich in biodiversity. The animals here are ti Satpura Tiger Reserveger, leopard, sambar, chital, Indian muntjac, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, Gaur , wild boar, wild dog, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, Indian giant squirrel, etc. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are common birds found here.The flora consists of mainly sal,teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants. In previous years, there have been sightings of lions, elephants, wild water buffalo and barasingha, although these are rare.

Madhav National Park

Madhav National Park

Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri District of Gwalior region in northwest Madhya Pradesh, India. It was named afterMadho Rao Scindia, the Maharaja of Gwalior belonging to the Scindia dynasty of the Marathas. It is the ancestral home of the line of ęAli Khan, a region based in Punjab, and most famous for the laws of commonly credited with defining modern dayjurisprudence. Shivpuri town is located at 25°40' North, 77°44' East on Agra to Bombay National Highway-3. Shivpuri is steeped in the royal legacy of its past, when it was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwalior.

Earlier its dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughal emperors & Maratha royals. Emperor Akbar captured herds of elephants for his stables while returning from Mandu in year 1564. This National Park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake. It is very rich in Biodiversity.

Fossil National Park

Fossil National Park

Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is situated in Dindori district of Madhya Pradesh in India. This national park has plants in fossil form that existed in India anywhere between 40 million and 150 million years ago spread over seven villages of Mandla District (Ghuguwa, Umaria, Deorakhurd, Barbaspur, Chanti-hills, Chargaon and Deori Kohani). The Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is an area that spreads over 274,100 square metres. Such fossils are found in three other villages of the district also, but they lie outside the national park.

The Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, has done some work on the plant fossils of Mandla, though the study is yet in a preliminary stage. In Ghuguwa and Umaria the standing, petrified trunks of trees have been identified as Gymnosperms and Angiosperms- Monocotyledons and palms. There are certain Bryophytes also. There is some question about whether the fossils are from the late Jurassic or the early and mid Cretaceous age. This is because when the breakup of the single land mass, Pangaea occurred, it was split by the continental drift into Laurasia and Gondwana somewhere between the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages. India formed a part of Gondwana. Depending on the age in which the split occurred, the fossils are either Jurassic or Cretaceous.

Van Vihar National Park

Van Vihar National Park

Van Vihar National Park is a national park in India located at the heart of Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh. Declared a national park in 1983, it covers an area of about 4.45 km². Although it has the status of a national park, Van Vihar is developed and managed as a modern zoological park, following the guidelines of the Central Zoo Authority. The animals are kept in their near natural habitat. Most of the animals are either orphaned brought from various parts of the state or those, which are exchanged from other zoos. No animal is deliberately captured from the forest.Van Vihar is unique because it allows easy access to the visitors through a road passing through the park, security of animals assured from poachers by building trenches and walls, chain-link fence and by providing natural habitat to the animals.

Panna Tiger Reserve

Panna Tiger Reserve

Panna National Park is a national park located in Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh in India. It has an area of 542.67 km2 (209.53 sq mi). It was declared in 1994 as the twenty second Tiger reserve of India and the fifth in Madhya Pradesh,[1] Panna was given the Award of Excellence in 2007 as the best maintained national park of India by the Ministry of Tourism of India.[1] It is notable that by 2009, the entire tiger population had been eliminated by poaching with the collusion of forest department officials.

 
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